Arago: Images In Featured Collections

Images In Featured Collections

Space Shuttle, "Enterprise" OV-101


The first Space Shuttle orbiter, "Enterprise," is a full-scale test vehicle used for flights in the atmosphere and tests on the ground; it is not equipped for spaceflight. Although the airframe and flight control elements are like those of the Shuttles flown in space, this vehicle has no propulsion system and only simulated thermal tiles because these features were not needed for atmospheric and ground tests. "Enterprise" was rolled out at Rockwell International's assembly facility in Palmdale, California, in 1976. In 1977, it entered service for a nine-month-long approach-and-landing test flight program. Thereafter it was used for vibration tests and fit checks at NASA centers, and it also appeared in the 1983 Paris Air Show and the 1984 World's Fair in New Orleans. In 1985, NASA transferred "Enterprise" to the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum.

Courtesy National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution

Museum ID:

Additional Records
  • Space Shuttle, 'Enterprise' OV-101
  • Spacecraft, Mariner 10, Flight Spare
  • 44-cent Hawaiian Rain Forest pane of ten
  • Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address
  • Check for the Purchase of Alaska
  • Draft of the Gettysburg Address
  • Lunar New Year single
  • Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution
  • Adolph Eichmann on Trial photograph
  • Simon Wiesenthal Collection auction catalog cover, 2006

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