Arago: Documents

Up
Documents

US Army Quartermaster's Department letter

Description:

This letter was sent by the Quartermaster’s Transportation Office of St Louis, Missouri in November of1862. Addressed to A.H. Markland, a special agent of the Post Office Department, it complains of the high cost for mail transportation and declines paying outstanding bills.

The role of the Quartermaster’s Department was integral to the armed forces of the Union during the Civil War. Supervising the logistical operations of the whole army, the department held the responsibility for maintaining adequate transport systems and paying any postage expenses incurred by the army.

Special agents were deployed by the Post Office Department to control the handling of mail at army bases. They were however under the direct supervision of the Quartermaster’s Department. Through this system special agent A.H. Markland was commended for his services by generals such as Grant and Sherman, despite never becoming a member of the armed forces.

Postal transportation services posed challenges for both military and civilian mail during the Civil War. The division of the country had effectively ripped the postal service in two, with pre-war stamps decommissioned and the new Confederate stamps not registered by the Union. There were limited ways to get mail across the border, including flag-of-truce exchanges, deviant routes using foreign ports or as private ‘ship’ mail.

References

Ainsworth, F.C, “Letter to Hon. Perry S Heath” in Report of the Post Master General, Military Mail Service, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 — Extracts from Official Reports.

National Postal Museum, “A Nation Divided” http://postalmuseum.si.edu/exhibits/2a6_anationdivided.html#article, (Accessed July 14, 2011).

US Army Quartermaster’s Foundation, “The Quartermaster’s Department 1861-1864” http://www.qmfound.com/quartermaster_1861-63.htm, (Accessed July 14, 2011).

Date:
November 1, 1862
Medium:
paper; ink / handwritten
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 9 3/4 x 7 3/4 in. (24.77 x 19.69 cm)
Museum ID:
2003.2004.82
Place of Origin:
Missouri
Place of Destination:
Illinois
Transcription:

Quartermaster's Department,

OFFICE OF TRANSPORTATION,

St. Louis, Nov 1st 1862.

A H Markland Esq

Special Agt P.O. Dep

Cain Ill-

Sir

Your favor of the 21st [?] is

Rec'd [?] noted -

I have uniformly declined paying

any Bills for transportation of Mails. I am always

[?] the [?][?] the P.O. Dep. Some of the Bill

Presented was outrageously large.

Very Rep' Your Ob- Ser

[?]

[?]


Additional Records
  • Certificate of appointment for postmaster
  • Certificate of appointment for postmaster
  • Letter of appointment for Benjamin Lipsner
  • Max Miller's letter of support for Benjamin Lipsner
  • Franklin and Foxcroft rate chart
  • Flight report by pilot James Edgerton
  • List of the first airmail mechanics and pilots
  • Note from pilot Max Miller to Benjamin Lipsner
  • Note from pilot Max Miller to Benjamin Lipsner
  • Memo from B. Lipsner to Army Adjutant General
  • US Army Quartermaster's Department letter
  • Letter of retirement for John T. Jackson
<
>

1 2 3 4