Arago: Exhibits

UP

The Paths of Great Sioux Leaders: Hollow Horn Bear

Hollow Horn Bear (Matihehlogego)

Chief of the Sicangu Lakota (Brulé)

Warrior, Diplomatic Statesman,

and Orator

Hollow Horn Bear fought for his treaty rights at the Battle of the Little Big Horn. A well-recognized speaker for his people, representing them at treaty negotiations, he was a steadfast negotiator for peace in the face of overwhelming force. “You talk to us very sweet, but you do not mean it. You have not fulfilled any of the old treaties,” he said. He was also chosen to represent his people in negotiations with General George Crook at Rosebud Agency, South Dakota. He traveled to Washington, D.C. in 1905 to take part in President Theodore Roosevelt’s inauguration as representative of his people, and walked in the Woodrow Wilson inaugural parade in 1913. His great appeal as a representative of an American Indian nations resulted in his likeness also appearing on a fourteen-cent stamp and a five-dollar bill.

Master Collection, United States Scott 565, American Indian

This is the first 14-cent stamp issued by the Post Office Department. Issued in Muskogee, Oklahoma, and Washington, D.C., May 1, 1923 (Scott 565)

American Indian Issue design

Photograph (used in stamp at left) taken in 1905 by De Lancey Gill, photographer, Smithsonian Institution. Photograph furnished by the Bureau of Ethnology. Stamp design files, Third Postmaster General's file, Smithsonian National Postal Museum.