Arago: Pacific Coral Reef

Pacific Coral Reef

The Postal Service issued a souvenir sheet of the 37-cent Pacific Coral Reef stamps on January 2, 2004, in Honolulu, Hawaii. The stamps were designed by Ethel Kessler of Bethesda, Maryland, and illustrated by John D. Dawson of Hilo, Hawaii.

The Pacific Coral Reef stamps are the sixth in an educational series designed to promote appreciation of North America's major plant and animal communities. The previous issuances in the Nature of America series were the Sonora Desert (1999), Pacific Coast Rain Forest (2000), Great Plains Prairie (2001), Longleaf Pine Forest (2002), and Arctic Tundra (2003). This new issue portrays a typical coral reef near the US territory of Guam.

Coral reefs and their surrounding waters are complex ecosystems supporting thousands of different life forms. But like the biologically rich rain forests of the tropics, they are also fragile realms, sensitive to temperature changes and highly vulnerable to human activities that exploit their resources. Reefs can stretch for miles in the clear, shallow waters of the tropics and subtropics. Built up primarily by coral polyps, tiny organisms that secrete calcium carbonate, these massive structures protect the shores of nearby landmasses from wave-induced erosion while providing food and shelter for countless creatures. In Guam alone, scientists have documented approximately 6,000 marine species, including some 250 coral species.

To illustrate the diversity of species associated with a coral reef, artist John D. Dawson portrayed more than thirty different kinds of marine animals in his colorful painting. Although the scene itself is imaginary, all species and interactions are appropriate and were recommended by scientists.

Avery Dennison (AVR) printed 7.6 million panes using the gravure process.


Postal Bulletin (December 11, 2003).

Additional Records
  • Overview
  • 37c Black-spotted Puffer, Threadfin Butterflyfish and Staghorn Coral single
  • 37c Pacific Coral Reef pane of ten
  • 37c Emperor Angelfish, Blue Coral and Mound Coral single
  • 37c Humphead Wrasse and Moorish Idol single
  • 37c Bumphead Parrotfish single
  • 37c Hawksbill Turtle and Palette Surgeonfish single
  • 37c Pink Anemonefish and Magnificent Sea Anemone single
  • 37c Snowflake Moray Eel and Spanish Dancer single
  • 37c Lionfish single
  • 37c Triton's Trumpet single
  • 37c Oriental Sweetlips, Bluestreak Cleaner Wrasse and Mushroom Coral single

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