William Cox, a resident of Tennessee with an avid interest in the Statue of Freedom that stands atop the Capitol dome, wrote a poem in 1927 entitled, "The Goddess of Freedom How Lofty She." In 1928 Cox's congressman read this poem on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives. These are lines from the poem:
The Goddess of Freedom how lofty she
Where the sun in splendor beams;
How bright the stars around her shine,
How lovely the moonlight gleams.
O'er the Capitol dome she proudly stands,
Aloft the Goddess of Freedom,
Aloft and alone in the skies!
Through winter winds, through summer climes,
Lights flash out from her eyes,
A beacon bright,
Through the stormy night
To all the world they loom—
Our love, our peace and freedom's joy,
From off the Capitol dome.
The 10-cent newspaper and periodical stamp was first issued on January 1, 1875. It paid a multiple of the minimum fee of two cents per pound for newspaper and periodical matter that was sent through the U.S. mails at least once a week. There are six variations of the 10-cent stamp. The first four share an identical design. They are the 1875 thin hard paper issue and the 1875 Special Printing hard white paper issue of the Continental Bank Note Company; the 1879 soft porous paper issue of American Bank Note Company; and the soft wove paper issue of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. The frame and the vignette of the stamp were modified in design for the final two printings by the Bureau in 1895 and 1896. In these revised issues, the Statue of Freedom faces forward. Both printings can be differentiated by their paper—the unwatermarked 1895 printing and the watermarked 1896 printing. More than 10,731,031 10-cent newspaper and periodical stamps were printed and issued. An additional 1,499 stamps of the 10-cent Special Printing issues were printed and sold to the public.