On March 7, 1960, in Washington, DC, the Post Office Department released two stamps commemorating Thomas G. Masaryk (1850-1937), the first president of Czechoslovakia. During World War I, Masaryk led a movement of Czechs and Slovaks that culminated in an independent Czechoslovakia. The independent state of Czechoslovakia was founded on October 28, 1918, and Masaryk served as its president until 1935.
As with the preceding four pairs in the Champion of Liberty Series, one of the stamps paid the domestic letter rate (4-cent) and the other paid the international letter surface rate (8-cent).
The 8-cent Masaryk stamp, perforated 11, was printed on the rotary Cottrell press from 280-subject engraved plates. Each 280-subject sheet was cut into four panes of seventy stamps for distribution to post offices. Two plates were used: 26557 and 26568. William K. Schrage of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing modeled the stamp from a photo of a bust of Masaryk furnished to the Post Office Department. Richard M. Bower engraved the portrait, torch, sprays of leaves, and ribbons; George A. Payne engraved the lettering and numerals.
Glass, Sol. Champion of Liberty - Masaryk. The Bureau Specialist 32, no. 7 (1961):163.
Cleland, W. Wallace. Durland Standard Plate Number Catalog. Katy, Texas: United States Stamp Society, 2008.