Charles Ludwig of Hoyer & Ludwig designed the stamp's central motif, a portrait of Thomas Jefferson. The same transfer stone was used to print the 10-cent rose (CSA Scott 5) and the Hoyer & Ludwig printing of the 10-cent blue (CSA Scott 2b), thus the same plating varieties exist. The color change from blue to rose is thought to have occurred in March 1862. The earliest recorded date of use is March 10, 1862 (May 27, 1862, for the carmine shade). There were 1,150,000 printings from one stone with the imprint “Lith of Hoyer & Ludwig, Richmond, Va.” Plating completed. Sheets of two hundred, panes of one hundred, and transfer stone of fifty. The color varieties include pink, rose, dull rose, and deep rose, as well as the rare carmine and brown-rose shades. Plating marks are distinct and repeated. The most typical use is for the ten-cent rate after July 1, 1862, and ten-cent letter rate over five hundred miles prior to July 1, 1862.