Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), the first Democrat elected president of the United States following the Civil War and the only person to serve two non-consecutive terms as president, appears on the 12-cent stamp. Clair Aubrey Huston designed the stamp and John Eissler engraved the vignette. The frame was engraved by Edward M. Hall and Joachim C. Benzing, while Edward M. Weeks engraved the lettering in the ribbon. The source of the portrait used for the vignette is listed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing as “unknown.” The stamp was released on March 20, 1923, both in Washington, D.C., and in Cleveland’s hometown of Caldwell, New Jersey.
When the stamp was issued it could be used to pay the combined first-class postage and special delivery fee or the combined first-class postage and registration fee. First printed on the flat plate press, the stamp was subsequently also printed on the Stickney rotary press.