A photograph of a model of the Mayflower in the Smithsonian Museum's collection inspired the engraving of the 1-cent stamp of the Pilgrim Tercentenary Issue. The stamps of this Issue were released in sheets of seventy and were initially available on December 18, 1920, at Provincetown and Plymouth, Massachusetts. The Issue's other stamps feature images of the pilgrim's landing and the signing of the Mayflower Compact, which established their new government.
As a single stamp, the 1-cent Mayflower paid the card rate of one-cent. It was also commonly used with other denominations to fulfill large weight and foreign destination rates. The Bureau of Engraving and Printing produced approximately 138 million 1-cent of these stamps.