The 3-cent Andrew Jackson (1767–1845) stamp honors the seventh president of the United States. Jackson won fame for his military victory at the battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812. Jackson, popular with the masses because of his 'log cabin' beginnings and democratic ideology, was a deft politician who created the Democratic Party, the nation's first modern political party. He is blamed for the Panic of 1837, one of the nation's deepest depressions.
The stamp was issued February 11, 1903, in sheet format printed from plates of four hundred and sold in panes of one hundred stamps with gauge 12 perforations. The 2-cent purple stamp, designed by R. Ostrander Smith, was based on a portrait by Thomas Sully that hangs in the National Gallery of Art. The stamp was engraved by George F. C. Smillie (portrait and decorative figures), Robert F. Ponickau (frame), and John U. Rose, Jr., E. M. Weeks, and Lyman F. Ellis (lettering and numerals).
The 3-cent stamp did not pay a specific rate and was used in multiple formats or with other stamps to cover existing rates. In spite of its limited use, the stamp, like many of the Series 1902, exists in a surprising variety of color shades.