Both an exacting scientist and an eloquent writer, Rachel Carson (1907-1964) won the National Book Award in 1951 for The Sea Around Us. But in 1962 Carson shocked the world with her book Silent Spring, which touched off an international controversy over the deadly effects of pesticides. Entrancing readers with basic scientific information, the book remained a best-seller for more than a year. Her groundbreaking work against the government's approval and use of harmful chemicals raised ecological consciousness and helped spark the environmental movement of the late twentieth century.
The Rachel Carson stamp was issued in 1981.