Alexander Hamilton was probably most famous for his work as the 'rogue' delegate from New York to the Constitutional Convention. His ideas were heavily criticized by citizens of his home state, almost more so than by people outside New York.
Italian sculptor Giuseppe Ceracchi executed many busts of prominent Americans during the time of the Constitutional Convention. The National Bank Note Company had already chosen Ceracchi’s bust of Franklin for the 1-cent stamp of the 1869-1870 Pictorial Issue. NBNCo would again depend on Ceracchi’s artistry when it created a stamp of Hamilton.
The 30-cent Hamilton was the first stamp to depict a secretary of the treasury and would remain so until the 1967 1 ½-cent Albert Gallatin stamp. The Hamilton stamp was used primarily in combination with other denominations to fulfill expensive postal rates. As with all stamps of the 1870-1871 Issue, the Hamilton stamp has two variations, one with grill, the other without. Approximately 900,000 stamps of both variations were printed by the National Bank Note Company.