Martha Washington (1731-1802), wife of George Washington and America’s first 'First Lady', appeared on the 4-cent stamp, which was often used to pay the postage on a double-weight letter. Martha Washington had also appeared on the 8-cent stamp in the Series of 1902. Clair Aubrey Huston designed the stamp. Leo C. Kauffmann, who engraved the vignette, based his work on a drawing done by the French artist Charles Francois Jalabert, who had based his drawing, in part, on Gilbert Stuart's portrait of Washington.
Edward M. Hall and Joachim C. Benzing engraved the frame for the stamp. Initially printed on the flat plate press for the 1923 release, the stamp was later printed on the Stickney rotary press in both sheet and coil versions.