A pioneer in industrial engineering and scientific management, Lillian M. Gilbreth (1878-1972), together with her husband and business partner, developed theories and practices to increase both labor efficiency and worker satisfaction in industry as well as at home. In 1930, Gilbreth headed Hoover's President's Emergency Committee for Unemployment Relief, helping industry and the workforce overcome the effects of the Depression. Gilbreth was the first woman elected to the National Academy of Engineering and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Her life as a professional and mother of twelve is celebrated in the book and movie 'Cheaper by the Dozen'.
The Lillian M. Gilbreth stamp was issued in 1984.