The 1-cent Famous American Scientists stamp, issued April 8, 1940, honors John James Audubon (1785-1851). Audubon, though born in Haiti and raised in France, spent his adult life in the United States and is generally considered America's foremost American wildlife artist. His "Birds of America" is a standard for bird illustrations and is still in print in various forms. Audubon was an avid hunter, often seeking out and shooting the birds to use as models for his paintings. He also performed research and is credited with conducting the first bird banding experiment.