Issued to pay multiple rates, the 8-cent Washington underwent three renditions. A variety of papers, coils, watermarks, and perforations differentiate the versions. The rarest 8-cent Washington is the Bluish Paper issue, released in 1909. This issue is also one of the rarest stamps of the entire Bureau Period.
As a single stamp, the 8-cent Washington could have paid the four-times domestic first-class rate. Patrons also combined it with other denominations to fulfill large weight and foreign destination rates. By the time the last 8-cent Washington stamps were sold, more than 100 million had been issued.