Pearl Buck (1892-1973) was the first American woman to receive a Pulitzer Prize for Literature. Buck was the daughter of American missionaries to China, and she spent most of her first forty years in that country. It was the setting of her famous novel The Good Earth, which was the first book of a trilogy about the travails and successes of a Chinese farm family. This novel earned her the Pulitzer Prize in 1932 and the Howells Medal in 1935, and she won the Nobel Prize in 1938 for the trilogy as well as for biographies of her parents. When she moved to the U.S. in 1934, Buck became active in social and political causes, worked to improve East-West relations and creating foundations to help children in need.
The Pearl Buck stamp was issued in 1983.